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Early Literacy Skills

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  Print Motivation is a child’s interest in and enjoyment of books and reading.

  • Read with voice inflection and excitement
  • Let your child choose books to read
  • Read every day.


Print Awareness includes know that print has meaning, knowing how to handle a books, being able to follow the words on a page, and noticing print all around.

  • Run your fingers under the words as you read
  • Call attention to signs and print on the road, at the store, in restaurants
  • Write messages to your children to show that print is useful and carries meaning.


Letter Knowledge is knowing that the same letter can look different, that letters has a name and makes sound(s).

  • Write your child’s name often, spelling each letter out as you go along
  • Encourage your child to make letters with clay or in sand
  • Sing the alphabet song together


Vocabulary is knowing the names of things.

  • Read different types of books; books are rich in vocabulary that may not be used in regular conversation
  • Ask lots of questions when you talk and read with your child
  • Talk, talk, talk to your child


Narrative Skills is the ability to describe things, sequence events, and tell stories.

  • Narrate your life activities as you go through your day and ask your child to describe what she/he is doing as well
  • Encourage prediction
  • Act out simple stories


Phonological Awareness is the ability to hear and play with the smaller sounds in words.

  • Sing songs, repeat rhymes, and play rhyming word games — have fun with silly words
  • Read rhyming books
  • Say tongue twisters together
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